Fashion Trends in Beaded Jewelry and MoreInfo on Birthstones, Gem Care and More



BEAD TYPES
When reading descriptions of some of the jewelry on this site, you may want to refer to this list for descriptions of bead types.
Bungle Beads
These are of various lengths and cut from glass. They can be in different colors, finishes, and twists.
Charlottes
These types of beads are Czech seed beads with one or two small flat facets ground onto their surface.
Cloisonee Beads
These are made of enamel fired on a background—usually metal—to produce a mosaic or stained-glass effect.
Crow Beads
These are large beads shaped like seed beads. They are commonly made of glass, plastic, or wood.
Delica Beads
These are perfectly cylindrical modern Japanese glass beads with thin walls and large holes.
Dognuts
Just as the word implies, they are round and flat with a large hole in the middle. They come in various sizes and materials.
Faceted Beads
These are glass beads hand or machine-cut to produce multiple flat faces that create a sparkling effect.
Gem Beads
This includes all natural gem stone, enhanced gem stone, or manmade or reconstructed materials. They are available in various shapes and sizes.
Gem Stone Chips
These are polished chips of semi-precious stone (turquoise, hematite, iolite, agate, etc.). They are irregular in shape.
Hex Cuts
These are Japanese seed beads cut from a six-sided glass cane.
Lampwork Beads
These are handmade one at a time by melting slender glass rods with a flame torch. The hot glass is carefully wrapped around a coated wire, which, when removed, forms the hole of the bead.
Liquid Silver Beads
These are very fine tubes of silver that look “liquid” when strung. They are available in various lengths similar to bugle beads and may be sterling.
Murano Glass Beads
These glass beads consist of a type of hot-worked mosaic, that is, small pieces of glass, often shaped hot, which are melted in such a way that the various shapes join together under fusion.

MILLEFIORI, also called ROSETTE, are a traditional variation of “murrina.” particularly difficult decorative technique practiced during the Roman era, Vincenzo Moretti revived it at Mourn at the beginning of the 1880s at the Salviati glass workshop. The MILLEFIORI (thousand flowers) glass mosaic is obtained by juxtaposing sections of glass canes, forming a multicolored decorative motif in the center throughout the whole length, and fusing them at the heat source.

It seems to derive from the Latin term “Murrha” which indicated in ancient times a mysterious natural stone, which emitted—it was said—a sweet perfume.
Pony Beads
These beads are shaped like seed beads but are larger. They are commonly made of glass, plastic, or wood.
Pressed Glass Beads
These are formed into special shapes. They are made by passing thick molten rods of glass by hand through an automated pressing machine.
Seed Beads
These are very short pieces of chopped glass cane that are heated until they form smooth, almost round shapes. The most commonly available seed beads are Czech. Japanese seed beads are often more uniform than Czech and have larger holes.
Swarovski ® Crystal Beads
These crystal beads are made in Austria and are considered one of the finest crystal beads. The colors are vivid and translucent. Aurora Borealis finish shapes have the same vivid colors with the addition of the rainbow coating.
SOURCE: The Beader’s Companion


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